QR-MIX: Distributional Value Function Factorisation for Cooperative Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning

9 Sep 2020  ·  Jian Hu, Seth Austin Harding, Haibin Wu, Siyue Hu, Shih-wei Liao ·

In Cooperative Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL) and under the setting of Centralized Training with Decentralized Execution (CTDE), agents observe and interact with their environment locally and independently. With local observation and random sampling, the randomness in rewards and observations leads to randomness in long-term returns... Existing methods such as Value Decomposition Network (VDN) and QMIX estimate the value of long-term returns as a scalar that does not contain the information of randomness. Our proposed model QR-MIX introduces quantile regression, modeling joint state-action values as a distribution, combining QMIX with Implicit Quantile Network (IQN). However, the monotonicity in QMIX limits the expression of joint state-action value distribution and may lead to incorrect estimation results in non-monotonic cases. Therefore, we proposed a flexible loss function to approximate the monotonicity found in QMIX. Our model is not only more tolerant of the randomness of returns, but also more tolerant of the randomness of monotonic constraints. The experimental results demonstrate that QR-MIX outperforms the previous state-of-the-art method QMIX in the StarCraft Multi-Agent Challenge (SMAC) environment. read more

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