Quantum Approximation for Multi-Scale Scheduling

arXiv 2020  ·  Jaeho Choi, Seunghyeok Oh, Joongheon Kim ·

This paper proposes a quantum approximate optimization algorithm (QAOA) method for multi-scale wireless scheduling problems. The QAOA is one of the promising hybrid quantum-classical algorithms for many applications and it provides highly accurate optimization solutions in NP-hard problems. QAOA maps the given problems into Hilbert spaces, and then it generates Hamiltonian for the given objectives and constraints. Then, QAOA finds proper parameters from classical optimization approaches in order to optimize the expectation value of generated Hamiltonian. Based on the parameters, the optimal solution to the given problem can be obtained from the optimum of the expectation value of Hamiltonian. Inspired by QAOA, a quantum approximate optimization for scheduling (QAOS) algorithm is proposed. First of all, this paper formulates a multi-scale scheduling problem using maximum weight independent set (MWIS) formulation. Then, for the given MWIS, the proposed QAOS designs the Hamiltonian of the problem. After that, the iterative QAOS sequence solves the scheduling problem. This paper verifies the novelty of the proposed QAOS via simulations implemented by Cirq and TensorFlow-Quantum.

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