Quantum Machine Learning Algorithm for Knowledge Graphs

4 Jan 2020  ·  Yunpu Ma, Volker Tresp ·

Semantic knowledge graphs are large-scale triple-oriented databases for knowledge representation and reasoning. Implicit knowledge can be inferred by modeling and reconstructing the tensor representations generated from knowledge graphs. However, as the sizes of knowledge graphs continue to grow, classical modeling becomes increasingly computational resource intensive. This paper investigates how quantum resources can be capitalized to accelerate the modeling of knowledge graphs. In particular, we propose the first quantum machine learning algorithm for making inference on tensorized data, e.g., on knowledge graphs. Since most tensor problems are NP-hard, it is challenging to devise quantum algorithms to support that task. We simplify the problem by making a plausible assumption that the tensor representation of a knowledge graph can be approximated by its low-rank tensor singular value decomposition, which is verified by our experiments. The proposed sampling-based quantum algorithm achieves exponential speedup with a runtime that is polylogarithmic in the dimension of knowledge graph tensor.

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