RCS-YOLO: A Fast and High-Accuracy Object Detector for Brain Tumor Detection

31 Jul 2023  ·  Ming Kang, Chee-Ming Ting, Fung Fung Ting, Raphaël C. -W. Phan ·

With an excellent balance between speed and accuracy, cutting-edge YOLO frameworks have become one of the most efficient algorithms for object detection. However, the performance of using YOLO networks is scarcely investigated in brain tumor detection. We propose a novel YOLO architecture with Reparameterized Convolution based on channel Shuffle (RCS-YOLO). We present RCS and a One-Shot Aggregation of RCS (RCS-OSA), which link feature cascade and computation efficiency to extract richer information and reduce time consumption. Experimental results on the brain tumor dataset Br35H show that the proposed model surpasses YOLOv6, YOLOv7, and YOLOv8 in speed and accuracy. Notably, compared with YOLOv7, the precision of RCS-YOLO improves by 1%, and the inference speed by 60% at 114.8 images detected per second (FPS). Our proposed RCS-YOLO achieves state-of-the-art performance on the brain tumor detection task. The code is available at https://github.com/mkang315/RCS-YOLO.

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