Real-Time and Accurate Object Detection in Compressed Video by Long Short-term Feature Aggregation

25 Mar 2021  ·  Xinggang Wang, Zhaojin Huang, Bencheng Liao, Lichao Huang, Yongchao Gong, Chang Huang ·

Video object detection is a fundamental problem in computer vision and has a wide spectrum of applications. Based on deep networks, video object detection is actively studied for pushing the limits of detection speed and accuracy. To reduce the computation cost, we sparsely sample key frames in video and treat the rest frames are non-key frames; a large and deep network is used to extract features for key frames and a tiny network is used for non-key frames. To enhance the features of non-key frames, we propose a novel short-term feature aggregation method to propagate the rich information in key frame features to non-key frame features in a fast way. The fast feature aggregation is enabled by the freely available motion cues in compressed videos. Further, key frame features are also aggregated based on optical flow. The propagated deep features are then integrated with the directly extracted features for object detection. The feature extraction and feature integration parameters are optimized in an end-to-end manner. The proposed video object detection network is evaluated on the large-scale ImageNet VID benchmark and achieves 77.2\% mAP, which is on-par with state-of-the-art accuracy, at the speed of 30 FPS using a Titan X GPU. The source codes are available at \url{}.

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