Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface Aided Constant-Envelope Wireless Power Transfer

2 Jun 2020  ·  Huiyuan Yang, Xiaojun Yuan, Jun Fang, Ying-Chang Liang ·

By reconfiguring the propagation environment of electromagnetic waves artificially, reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have been regarded as a promising and revolutionary hardware technology to improve the energy and spectrum efficiency of wireless networks. In this paper, we study a RIS aided multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) wireless power transfer (WPT) system, where the transmitter is equipped with a constant-envelope analog beamformer. We formulate a novel problem to maximize the total received power of all the users by jointly optimizing the beamformer at transmitter and the phase shifts at the RISs, subject to the individual minimum received power constraints of users. We further solve the problem iteratively with a closed-form expression for each step. Numerical results show the performance gain of deploying RIS and the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

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