Remember the Difference: Cross-Domain Few-Shot Semantic Segmentation via Meta-Memory Transfer

Few-shot semantic segmentation intends to predict pixel level categories using only a few labeled samples. Existing few-shot methods focus primarily on the categories sampled from the same distribution. Nevertheless, this assumption cannot always be ensured. The actual domain shift problem significantly reduces the performance of few-shot learning. To remedy this problem, we propose an interesting and challenging cross-domain few-shot semantic segmentation task, where the training and test tasks perform on different domains. Specifically, we first propose a meta-memory bank to improve the generalization of the segmentation network by bridging the domain gap between source and target domains. The meta-memory stores the intra-domain style information from source domain instances and transfers it to target samples. Subsequently, we adopt a new contrastive learning strategy to explore the knowledge of different categories during the training stage. The negative and positive pairs are obtained from the proposed memory-based style augmentation. Comprehensive experiments demonstrate that our proposed method achieves promising results on cross-domain few-shot semantic segmentation tasks on COCO-20, PASCAL-5, FSS-1000, and SUIM datasets.

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