Replay Attack Detection Based on Parity Space Method for Cyber-Physical Systems

3 Jun 2023  ·  Dong Zhao, Yang Shi, Steven X. Ding, Yueyang Li, Fangzhou Fu ·

The replay attack detection problem is studied from a new perspective based on parity space method in this paper. The proposed detection methods have the ability to distinguish system fault and replay attack, handle both input and output data replay, maintain certain control performance, and can be implemented conveniently and efficiently. First, the replay attack effect on the residual is derived and analyzed. The residual change induced by replay attack is characterized explicitly and the detection performance analysis based on two different test statistics are given. Second, based on the replay attack effect characterization, targeted passive and active design for detection performance enhancement are proposed. Regarding the passive design, four optimization schemes regarding different cost functions are proposed with optimal parity matrix solutions, and the unified solution to the passive optimization schemes is obtained; the active design is enabled by a marginally stable filter so as to enlarge the replay attack effect on the residual for detection. Simulations and comparison studies are given to show the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

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