ResNets, NeuralODEs and CT-RNNs are Particular Neural Regulatory Networks

26 Feb 2020  ·  Radu Grosu ·

This paper shows that ResNets, NeuralODEs, and CT-RNNs, are particular neural regulatory networks (NRNs), a biophysical model for the nonspiking neurons encountered in small species, such as the C.elegans nematode, and in the retina of large species. Compared to ResNets, NeuralODEs and CT-RNNs, NRNs have an additional multiplicative term in their synaptic computation, allowing them to adapt to each particular input. This additional flexibility makes NRNs $M$ times more succinct than NeuralODEs and CT-RNNs, where $M$ is proportional to the size of the training set. Moreover, as NeuralODEs and CT-RNNs are $N$ times more succinct than ResNets, where $N$ is the number of integration steps required to compute the output $F(x)$ for a given input $x$, NRNs are in total $M\,{\cdot}\,N$ more succinct than ResNets. For a given approximation task, this considerable succinctness allows to learn a very small and therefore understandable NRN, whose behavior can be explained in terms of well established architectural motifs, that NRNs share with gene regulatory networks, such as, activation, inhibition, sequentialization, mutual exclusion, and synchronization. To the best of our knowledge, this paper unifies for the first time the mainstream work on deep neural networks with the one in biology and neuroscience in a quantitative fashion.

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