# Revisiting the Softmax Bellman Operator: New Benefits and New Perspective

2 Dec 2018Zhao SongRonald E. ParrLawrence Carin

The impact of softmax on the value function itself in reinforcement learning (RL) is often viewed as problematic because it leads to sub-optimal value (or Q) functions and interferes with the contraction properties of the Bellman operator. Surprisingly, despite these concerns, and independent of its effect on exploration, the softmax Bellman operator when combined with Deep Q-learning, leads to Q-functions with superior policies in practice, even outperforming its double Q-learning counterpart... (read more)

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