Emergence of Cascading Risk and Role of Spatial Locations of Collisions in Time-Delayed Platoon of Vehicles

29 Dec 2021  ·  Guangyi Liu, Christoforos Somarakis, Nader Motee ·

We develop a framework to assess the risk of cascading collisions in a platoon of vehicles in the presence of exogenous noise and communication time-delay. The notion of Value-at-Risk (VaR) is adopted to quantify the risk of collision between vehicles in a pair conditioned on the knowledge of multiple previously occurred failures in the platoon. We show that the risk of cascading failures depends on the Laplacian spectrum of the underlying communication graph, time-delay, and noise statistics. Furthermore, we exploit the structure of several standard graphs to show how the risk profile depends on the magnitude and spatial location of the prior collisions (failures). Our theoretical findings are significant as they can be applied to designing safe platoons that minimize the risk of cascading failures. Our theoretical findings are supported by several simulations.

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