Risk of Phase Incoherence in Wide Area Control of Synchronous Power Networks

29 Dec 2021  ·  Christoforos Somarakis, Guangyi Liu, Nader Motee ·

We develop a framework to quantify systemic risk measures in a class of Wide-Area-Control (WAC) laws in power networks in the presence of noisy and time-delayed sensory data. A closed-form calculation of the risk of phase incoherence in interconnected power networks is presented, and the effect of network parameters, information flow in WAC architecture, statistics of noise, and time-delays are characterized. We show that in the presence of time-delay and noise, a fundamental trade-off between the best achievable performance (via tuning feedback gains) and value-at-risk emerges. The significance of our results is that they provide a guideline for developing algorithmic design tools to enhance the coherency and robustness of closed-loop power networks simultaneously. Finally, we validate our theoretical findings through extensive simulation examples.

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