Robust Acoustic Scene Classification in the Presence of Active Foreground Speech

2 Aug 2021  ·  Siyuan Song, Brecht Desplanques, Celest De Moor, Kris Demuynck, Nilesh Madhu ·

We present an iVector based Acoustic Scene Classification (ASC) system suited for real life settings where active foreground speech can be present. In the proposed system, each recording is represented by a fixed-length iVector that models the recording's important properties. A regularized Gaussian backend classifier with class-specific covariance models is used to extract the relevant acoustic scene information from these iVectors. To alleviate the large performance degradation when a foreground speaker dominates the captured signal, we investigate the use of the iVector framework on Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) that are derived from an estimate of the noise power spectral density. This noise-floor can be extracted in a statistical manner for single channel recordings. We show that the use of noise-floor features is complementary to multi-condition training in which foreground speech is added to training signal to reduce the mismatch between training and testing conditions. Experimental results on the DCASE 2016 Task 1 dataset show that the noise-floor based features and multi-condition training realize significant classification accuracy gains of up to more than 25 percentage points (absolute) in the most adverse conditions. These promising results can further facilitate the integration of ASC in resource-constrained devices such as hearables.

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