Robust Tracking via Weighted Online Extreme Learning Machine

26 Jul 2018  ·  Jing Zhang, Huibing Wang, Yong-Gong Ren ·

The tracking method based on the extreme learning machine (ELM) is efficient and effective. ELM randomly generates input weights and biases in the hidden layer, and then calculates and computes the output weights by reducing the iterative solution to the problem of linear equations... Therefore, ELM offers the satisfying classification performance and fast training time than other discriminative models in tracking. However, the original ELM method often suffers from the problem of the imbalanced classification distribution, which is caused by few target objects, leading to under-fitting and more background samples leading to over-fitting. Worse still, it reduces the robustness of tracking under special conditions including occlusion, illumination, etc. To address above problems, in this paper, we present a robust tracking algorithm. First, we introduce the local weight matrix that is the dynamic creation from the data distribution at the current frame in the original ELM so as to balance between the empirical and structure risk, and fully learn the target object to enhance the classification performance. Second, we improve it to the incremental learning method ensuring tracking real-time and efficient. Finally, the forgetting factor is used to strengthen the robustness for changing of the classification distribution with time. Meanwhile, we propose a novel optimized method to obtain the optimal sample as the target object, which avoids tracking drift resulting from noisy samples. Therefore, our tracking method can fully learn both of the target object and background information to enhance the tracking performance, and it is evaluated in 20 challenge image sequences with different attributes including illumination, occlusion, deformation, etc., which achieves better performance than several state-of-the-art methods in terms of effectiveness and robustness. read more

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