Rxn Hypergraph: a Hypergraph Attention Model for Chemical Reaction Representation

2 Jan 2022  ·  Mohammadamin Tavakoli, Alexander Shmakov, Francesco Ceccarelli, Pierre Baldi ·

It is fundamental for science and technology to be able to predict chemical reactions and their properties. To achieve such skills, it is important to develop good representations of chemical reactions, or good deep learning architectures that can learn such representations automatically from the data. There is currently no universal and widely adopted method for robustly representing chemical reactions. Most existing methods suffer from one or more drawbacks, such as: (1) lacking universality; (2) lacking robustness; (3) lacking interpretability; or (4) requiring excessive manual pre-processing. Here we exploit graph-based representations of molecular structures to develop and test a hypergraph attention neural network approach to solve at once the reaction representation and property-prediction problems, alleviating the aforementioned drawbacks. We evaluate this hypergraph representation in three experiments using three independent data sets of chemical reactions. In all experiments, the hypergraph-based approach matches or outperforms other representations and their corresponding models of chemical reactions while yielding interpretable multi-level representations.

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