Scalable Nuclear-norm Minimization by Subspace Pursuit Proximal Riemannian Gradient

10 Mar 2015  ·  Mingkui Tan, Shijie Xiao, Junbin Gao, Dong Xu, Anton Van Den Hengel, Qinfeng Shi ·

Nuclear-norm regularization plays a vital role in many learning tasks, such as low-rank matrix recovery (MR), and low-rank representation (LRR). Solving this problem directly can be computationally expensive due to the unknown rank of variables or large-rank singular value decompositions (SVDs). To address this, we propose a proximal Riemannian gradient (PRG) scheme which can efficiently solve trace-norm regularized problems defined on real-algebraic variety $\mMLr$ of real matrices of rank at most $r$. Based on PRG, we further present a simple and novel subspace pursuit (SP) paradigm for general trace-norm regularized problems without the explicit rank constraint $\mMLr$. The proposed paradigm is very scalable by avoiding large-rank SVDs. Empirical studies on several tasks, such as matrix completion and LRR based subspace clustering, demonstrate the superiority of the proposed paradigms over existing methods.

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