Self-Regulated Learning for Egocentric Video Activity Anticipation

23 Nov 2021  ·  Zhaobo Qi, Shuhui Wang, Chi Su, Li Su, Qingming Huang, Qi Tian ·

Future activity anticipation is a challenging problem in egocentric vision. As a standard future activity anticipation paradigm, recursive sequence prediction suffers from the accumulation of errors. To address this problem, we propose a simple and effective Self-Regulated Learning framework, which aims to regulate the intermediate representation consecutively to produce representation that (a) emphasizes the novel information in the frame of the current time-stamp in contrast to previously observed content, and (b) reflects its correlation with previously observed frames. The former is achieved by minimizing a contrastive loss, and the latter can be achieved by a dynamic reweighing mechanism to attend to informative frames in the observed content with a similarity comparison between feature of the current frame and observed frames. The learned final video representation can be further enhanced by multi-task learning which performs joint feature learning on the target activity labels and the automatically detected action and object class tokens. SRL sharply outperforms existing state-of-the-art in most cases on two egocentric video datasets and two third-person video datasets. Its effectiveness is also verified by the experimental fact that the action and object concepts that support the activity semantics can be accurately identified.

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