Self-Supervised Decomposition, Disentanglement and Prediction of Video Sequences while Interpreting Dynamics: A Koopman Perspective

1 Oct 2021  ·  Armand Comas, Sandesh Ghimire, Haolin Li, Mario Sznaier, Octavia Camps ·

Human interpretation of the world encompasses the use of symbols to categorize sensory inputs and compose them in a hierarchical manner. One of the long-term objectives of Computer Vision and Artificial Intelligence is to endow machines with the capacity of structuring and interpreting the world as we do. Towards this goal, recent methods have successfully been able to decompose and disentangle video sequences into their composing objects and dynamics, in a self-supervised fashion. However, there has been a scarce effort in giving interpretation to the dynamics of the scene. We propose a method to decompose a video into moving objects and their attributes, and model each object's dynamics with linear system identification tools, by means of a Koopman embedding. This allows interpretation, manipulation and extrapolation of the dynamics of the different objects by employing the Koopman operator K. We test our method in various synthetic datasets and successfully forecast challenging trajectories while interpreting them.

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