Self-supervised Dynamic CT Perfusion Image Denoising with Deep Neural Networks

19 May 2020  ·  Dufan Wu, Hui Ren, Quanzheng Li ·

Dynamic computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging is a promising approach for acute ischemic stroke diagnosis and evaluation. Hemodynamic parametric maps of cerebral parenchyma are calculated from repeated CT scans of the first pass of iodinated contrast through the brain... It is necessary to reduce the dose of CTP for routine applications due to the high radiation exposure from the repeated scans, where image denoising is necessary to achieve a reliable diagnosis. In this paper, we proposed a self-supervised deep learning method for CTP denoising, which did not require any high-dose reference images for training. The network was trained by mapping each frame of CTP to an estimation from its adjacent frames. Because the noise in the source and target was independent, this approach could effectively remove the noise. Being free from high-dose training images granted the proposed method easier adaptation to different scanning protocols. The method was validated on both simulation and a public real dataset. The proposed method achieved improved image quality compared to conventional denoising methods. On the real data, the proposed method also had improved spatial resolution and contrast-to-noise ratio compared to supervised learning which was trained on the simulation data read more

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