Semantic Code Search for Smart Contracts

28 Nov 2021  ·  Chaochen Shi, Yong Xiang, Jiangshan Yu, Longxiang Gao ·

Semantic code search technology allows searching for existing code snippets through natural language, which can greatly improve programming efficiency. Smart contracts, programs that run on the blockchain, have a code reuse rate of more than 90%, which means developers have a great demand for semantic code search tools. However, the existing code search models still have a semantic gap between code and query, and perform poorly on specialized queries of smart contracts. In this paper, we propose a Multi-Modal Smart contract Code Search (MM-SCS) model. Specifically, we construct a Contract Elements Dependency Graph (CEDG) for MM-SCS as an additional modality to capture the data-flow and control-flow information of the code. To make the model more focused on the key contextual information, we use a multi-head attention network to generate embeddings for code features. In addition, we use a fine-tuned pretrained model to ensure the model's effectiveness when the training data is small. We compared MM-SCS with four state-of-the-art models on a dataset with 470K (code, docstring) pairs collected from Github and Etherscan. Experimental results show that MM-SCS achieves an MRR (Mean Reciprocal Rank) of 0.572, outperforming four state-of-the-art models UNIF, DeepCS, CARLCS-CNN, and TAB-CS by 34.2%, 59.3%, 36.8%, and 14.1%, respectively. Additionally, the search speed of MM-SCS is second only to UNIF, reaching 0.34s/query.

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