Semantic Driven Multi-Camera Pedestrian Detection

In the current worldwide situation, pedestrian detection has reemerged as a pivotal tool for intelligent video-based systems aiming to solve tasks such as pedestrian tracking, social distancing monitoring or pedestrian mass counting. Pedestrian detection methods, even the top performing ones, are highly sensitive to occlusions among pedestrians, which dramatically degrades their performance in crowded scenarios. The generalization of multi-camera set-ups permits to better confront occlusions by combining information from different viewpoints. In this paper, we present a multi-camera approach to globally combine pedestrian detections leveraging automatically extracted scene context. Contrarily to the majority of the methods of the state-of-the-art, the proposed approach is scene-agnostic, not requiring a tailored adaptation to the target scenario\textemdash e.g., via fine-tunning. This noteworthy attribute does not require \textit{ad hoc} training with labelled data, expediting the deployment of the proposed method in real-world situations. Context information, obtained via semantic segmentation, is used 1) to automatically generate a common Area of Interest for the scene and all the cameras, avoiding the usual need of manually defining it; and 2) to obtain detections for each camera by solving a global optimization problem that maximizes coherence of detections both in each 2D image and in the 3D scene. This process yields tightly-fitted bounding boxes that circumvent occlusions or miss-detections. Experimental results on five publicly available datasets show that the proposed approach outperforms state-of-the-art multi-camera pedestrian detectors, even some specifically trained on the target scenario, signifying the versatility and robustness of the proposed method without requiring ad-hoc annotations nor human-guided configuration.

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