Semantic Labeling in Very High Resolution Images via a Self-Cascaded Convolutional Neural Network

Semantic labeling for very high resolution (VHR) images in urban areas, is of significant importance in a wide range of remote sensing applications. However, many confusing manmade objects and intricate fine-structured objects make it very difficult to obtain both coherent and accurate labeling results... For this challenging task, we propose a novel deep model with convolutional neural networks (CNNs), i.e., an end-to-end self-cascaded network (ScasNet). Specifically, for confusing manmade objects, ScasNet improves the labeling coherence with sequential global-to-local contexts aggregation. Technically, multi-scale contexts are captured on the output of a CNN encoder, and then they are successively aggregated in a self-cascaded manner. Meanwhile, for fine-structured objects, ScasNet boosts the labeling accuracy with a coarse-to-fine refinement strategy. It progressively refines the target objects using the low-level features learned by CNN's shallow layers. In addition, to correct the latent fitting residual caused by multi-feature fusion inside ScasNet, a dedicated residual correction scheme is proposed. It greatly improves the effectiveness of ScasNet. Extensive experimental results on three public datasets, including two challenging benchmarks, show that ScasNet achieves the state-of-the-art performance. read more

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