Semi-supervised Semantics-guided Adversarial Training for Trajectory Prediction

27 May 2022  ·  Ruochen Jiao, Xiangguo Liu, Takami Sato, Qi Alfred Chen, Qi Zhu ·

Predicting the trajectories of surrounding objects is a critical task in self-driving and many other autonomous systems. Recent works demonstrate that adversarial attacks on trajectory prediction, where small crafted perturbations are introduced to history trajectories, may significantly mislead the prediction of future trajectories and ultimately induce unsafe planning. However, few works have addressed enhancing the robustness of this important safety-critical task. In this paper, we present the first adversarial training method for trajectory prediction. Compared with typical adversarial training on image tasks, our work is challenged by more random inputs with rich context, and a lack of class labels. To address these challenges, we propose a method based on a semi-supervised adversarial autoencoder that models disentangled semantic features with domain knowledge and provides additional latent labels for the adversarial training. Extensive experiments with different types of attacks demonstrate that our semi-supervised semantics-guided adversarial training method can effectively mitigate the impact of adversarial attacks and generally improve the system's adversarial robustness to a variety of attacks, including unseen ones. We believe that such semantics-guided architecture and advancement in robust generalization is an important step for developing robust prediction models and enabling safe decision making.

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