Semi-supervised source localization with deep generative modeling

27 May 2020  ·  Michael J. Bianco, Sharon Gannot, Peter Gerstoft ·

We propose a semi-supervised localization approach based on deep generative modeling with variational autoencoders (VAEs). Localization in reverberant environments remains a challenge, which machine learning (ML) has shown promise in addressing. Even with large data volumes, the number of labels available for supervised learning in reverberant environments is usually small. We address this issue by performing semi-supervised learning (SSL) with convolutional VAEs. The VAE is trained to generate the phase of relative transfer functions (RTFs), in parallel with a DOA classifier, on both labeled and unlabeled RTF samples. The VAE-SSL approach is compared with SRP-PHAT and fully-supervised CNNs. We find that VAE-SSL can outperform both SRP-PHAT and CNN in label-limited scenarios.

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