Sequence-to-Sequence Modeling for Action Identification at High Temporal Resolution

Automatic action identification from video and kinematic data is an important machine learning problem with applications ranging from robotics to smart health. Most existing works focus on identifying coarse actions such as running, climbing, or cutting a vegetable, which have relatively long durations. This is an important limitation for applications that require the identification of subtle motions at high temporal resolution. For example, in stroke recovery, quantifying rehabilitation dose requires differentiating motions with sub-second durations. Our goal is to bridge this gap. To this end, we introduce a large-scale, multimodal dataset, StrokeRehab, as a new action-recognition benchmark that includes subtle short-duration actions labeled at a high temporal resolution. These short-duration actions are called functional primitives, and consist of reaches, transports, repositions, stabilizations, and idles. The dataset consists of high-quality Inertial Measurement Unit sensors and video data of 41 stroke-impaired patients performing activities of daily living like feeding, brushing teeth, etc. We show that current state-of-the-art models based on segmentation produce noisy predictions when applied to these data, which often leads to overcounting of actions. To address this, we propose a novel approach for high-resolution action identification, inspired by speech-recognition techniques, which is based on a sequence-to-sequence model that directly predicts the sequence of actions. This approach outperforms current state-of-the-art methods on the StrokeRehab dataset, as well as on the standard benchmark datasets 50Salads, Breakfast, and Jigsaws.

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