Shortest path distance approximation using deep learning techniques

Computing shortest path distances between nodes lies at the heart of many graph algorithms and applications. Traditional exact methods such as breadth-first-search (BFS) do not scale up to contemporary, rapidly evolving today's massive networks. Therefore, it is required to find approximation methods to enable scalable graph processing with a significant speedup. In this paper, we utilize vector embeddings learnt by deep learning techniques to approximate the shortest paths distances in large graphs. We show that a feedforward neural network fed with embeddings can approximate distances with relatively low distortion error. The suggested method is evaluated on the Facebook, BlogCatalog, Youtube and Flickr social networks.

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