Non-uniform Blur Kernel Estimation via Adaptive Basis Decomposition

1 Feb 2021  ·  Guillermo Carbajal, Patricia Vitoria, Mauricio Delbracio, Pablo Musé, José Lezama ·

Motion blur estimation remains an important task for scene analysis and image restoration. In recent years, the removal of motion blur in photographs has seen impressive progress in the hands of deep learning-based methods, trained to map directly from blurry to sharp images... Characterization of the motion blur, on the other hand, has received less attention, and progress in model-based methods for deblurring lags behind that of data-driven end-to-end approaches. In this work we revisit the problem of characterizing dense, non-uniform motion blur in a single image and propose a general non-parametric model for this task. Given a blurry image, a neural network is trained to estimate a set of image-adaptive basis motion kernels as well as the mixing coefficients at the pixel level, producing a per-pixel motion blur field. We show that our approach overcomes the limitations of existing non-uniform motion blur estimation methods and leads to extremely accurate motion blur kernels. When applied to real motion-blurred images, a variational non-uniform blur removal method fed with the estimated blur kernels produces high-quality restored images. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation shows that these results are competitive or superior to results obtained with existing end-to-end deep learning (DL) based methods, thus bridging the gap between model-based and data-driven approaches. read more

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