Sinsy: A Deep Neural Network-Based Singing Voice Synthesis System

5 Aug 2021  ·  Yukiya Hono, Kei Hashimoto, Keiichiro Oura, Yoshihiko Nankaku, Keiichi Tokuda ·

This paper presents Sinsy, a deep neural network (DNN)-based singing voice synthesis (SVS) system. In recent years, DNNs have been utilized in statistical parametric SVS systems, and DNN-based SVS systems have demonstrated better performance than conventional hidden Markov model-based ones. SVS systems are required to synthesize a singing voice with pitch and timing that strictly follow a given musical score. Additionally, singing expressions that are not described on the musical score, such as vibrato and timing fluctuations, should be reproduced. The proposed system is composed of four modules: a time-lag model, a duration model, an acoustic model, and a vocoder, and singing voices can be synthesized taking these characteristics of singing voices into account. To better model a singing voice, the proposed system incorporates improved approaches to modeling pitch and vibrato and better training criteria into the acoustic model. In addition, we incorporated PeriodNet, a non-autoregressive neural vocoder with robustness for the pitch, into our systems to generate a high-fidelity singing voice waveform. Moreover, we propose automatic pitch correction techniques for DNN-based SVS to synthesize singing voices with correct pitch even if the training data has out-of-tune phrases. Experimental results show our system can synthesize a singing voice with better timing, more natural vibrato, and correct pitch, and it can achieve better mean opinion scores in subjective evaluation tests.

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