Soft BPR Loss for Dynamic Hard Negative Sampling in Recommender Systems

25 Nov 2022  ·  Kexin Shi, Yun Zhang, BingYi Jing, Wenjia Wang ·

In recommender systems, leveraging Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) to formulate the bipartite relation between users and items is a promising way. However, powerful negative sampling methods that is adapted to GNN-based recommenders still requires a lot of efforts. One critical gap is that it is rather tough to distinguish real negatives from massive unobserved items during hard negative sampling. Towards this problem, this paper develops a novel hard negative sampling method for GNN-based recommendation systems by simply reformulating the loss function. We conduct various experiments on three datasets, demonstrating that the method proposed outperforms a set of state-of-the-art benchmarks.

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