Soft-PHOC Descriptor for End-to-End Word Spotting in Egocentric Scene Images

4 Sep 2018  ·  Dena Bazazian, Dimosthenis Karatzas, Andrew D. Bagdanov ·

Word spotting in natural scene images has many applications in scene understanding and visual assistance. In this paper we propose a technique to create and exploit an intermediate representation of images based on text attributes which are character probability maps. Our representation extends the concept of the Pyramidal Histogram Of Characters (PHOC) by exploiting Fully Convolutional Networks to derive a pixel-wise mapping of the character distribution within candidate word regions. We call this representation the Soft-PHOC. Furthermore, we show how to use Soft-PHOC descriptors for word spotting tasks in egocentric camera streams through an efficient text line proposal algorithm. This is based on the Hough Transform over character attribute maps followed by scoring using Dynamic Time Warping (DTW). We evaluate our results on ICDAR 2015 Challenge 4 dataset of incidental scene text captured by an egocentric camera.

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