Spatiotemporal Decouple-and-Squeeze Contrastive Learning for Semi-Supervised Skeleton-based Action Recognition

5 Feb 2023  ·  Binqian Xu, Xiangbo Shu ·

Contrastive learning has been successfully leveraged to learn action representations for addressing the problem of semi-supervised skeleton-based action recognition. However, most contrastive learning-based methods only contrast global features mixing spatiotemporal information, which confuses the spatial- and temporal-specific information reflecting different semantic at the frame level and joint level. Thus, we propose a novel Spatiotemporal Decouple-and-Squeeze Contrastive Learning (SDS-CL) framework to comprehensively learn more abundant representations of skeleton-based actions by jointly contrasting spatial-squeezing features, temporal-squeezing features, and global features. In SDS-CL, we design a new Spatiotemporal-decoupling Intra-Inter Attention (SIIA) mechanism to obtain the spatiotemporal-decoupling attentive features for capturing spatiotemporal specific information by calculating spatial- and temporal-decoupling intra-attention maps among joint/motion features, as well as spatial- and temporal-decoupling inter-attention maps between joint and motion features. Moreover, we present a new Spatial-squeezing Temporal-contrasting Loss (STL), a new Temporal-squeezing Spatial-contrasting Loss (TSL), and the Global-contrasting Loss (GL) to contrast the spatial-squeezing joint and motion features at the frame level, temporal-squeezing joint and motion features at the joint level, as well as global joint and motion features at the skeleton level. Extensive experimental results on four public datasets show that the proposed SDS-CL achieves performance gains compared with other competitive methods.

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