Speeding Up MCMC by Efficient Data Subsampling

16 Apr 2014  ·  Matias Quiroz, Robert Kohn, Mattias Villani, Minh-Ngoc Tran ·

We propose Subsampling MCMC, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) framework where the likelihood function for $n$ observations is estimated from a random subset of $m$ observations. We introduce a highly efficient unbiased estimator of the log-likelihood based on control variates, such that the computing cost is much smaller than that of the full log-likelihood in standard MCMC... The likelihood estimate is bias-corrected and used in two dependent pseudo-marginal algorithms to sample from a perturbed posterior, for which we derive the asymptotic error with respect to $n$ and $m$, respectively. We propose a practical estimator of the error and show that the error is negligible even for a very small $m$ in our applications. We demonstrate that Subsampling MCMC is substantially more efficient than standard MCMC in terms of sampling efficiency for a given computational budget, and that it outperforms other subsampling methods for MCMC proposed in the literature. read more

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