SPMoE: Generate Multiple Pattern-Aware Outputs with Sparse Pattern Mixture of Experts

17 Aug 2021  ·  Shaobo Cui, Xintong Bao, Xuming Lin, Zhongzhou Zhao, Ji Zhang, Wei Zhou, Haiqing Chen ·

Many generation tasks follow a one-to-many mapping relationship: each input could be associated with multiple outputs. Existing methods like Conditional Variational AutoEncoder(CVAE) employ a latent variable to model this one-to-many relationship. However, this high-dimensional and dense latent variable lacks explainability and usually leads to poor and uncontrollable generations. In this paper, we innovatively introduce the linguistic concept of pattern to decompose the one-to-many mapping into multiple one-to-one mappings and further propose a model named Sparse Pattern Mixture of Experts(SPMoE). Each one-to-one mapping is associated with a conditional generation pattern and is modeled with an expert in SPMoE. To ensure each language pattern can be exclusively handled with an expert model for better explainability and diversity, a sparse mechanism is employed to coordinate all the expert models in SPMoE. We assess the performance of our SPMoE on the paraphrase generation task and the experiment results prove that SPMoE can achieve a good balance in terms of quality, pattern-level diversity, and corpus-level diversity.

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