Stepwise Model Selection for Sequence Prediction via Deep Kernel Learning

An essential problem in automated machine learning (AutoML) is that of model selection. A unique challenge in the sequential setting is the fact that the optimal model itself may vary over time, depending on the distribution of features and labels available up to each point in time. In this paper, we propose a novel Bayesian optimization (BO) algorithm to tackle the challenge of model selection in this setting. This is accomplished by treating the performance at each time step as its own black-box function. In order to solve the resulting multiple black-box function optimization problem jointly and efficiently, we exploit potential correlations among black-box functions using deep kernel learning (DKL). To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to formulate the problem of stepwise model selection (SMS) for sequence prediction, and to design and demonstrate an efficient joint-learning algorithm for this purpose. Using multiple real-world datasets, we verify that our proposed method outperforms both standard BO and multi-objective BO algorithms on a variety of sequence prediction tasks.

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