Structure-Preserving Graph Kernel for Brain Network Classification

21 Nov 2021  ·  Jun Yu, Zhaoming Kong, Aditya Kendre, Hao Peng, Carl Yang, Lichao Sun, Alex Leow, Lifang He ·

This paper presents a novel graph-based kernel learning approach for connectome analysis. Specifically, we demonstrate how to leverage the naturally available structure within the graph representation to encode prior knowledge in the kernel. We first proposed a matrix factorization to directly extract structural features from natural symmetric graph representations of connectome data. We then used them to derive a structure-persevering graph kernel to be fed into the support vector machine. The proposed approach has the advantage of being clinically interpretable. Quantitative evaluations on challenging HIV disease classification (DTI- and fMRI-derived connectome data) and emotion recognition (EEG-derived connectome data) tasks demonstrate the superior performance of our proposed methods against the state-of-the-art. Results showed that relevant EEG-connectome information is primarily encoded in the alpha band during the emotion regulation task.

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