Subject Identification Across Large Expression Variations Using 3D Facial Landmarks

Landmark localization is an important first step towards geometric based vision research including subject identification. Considering this, we propose to use 3D facial landmarks for the task of subject identification, over a range of expressed emotion. Landmarks are detected, using a Temporal Deformable Shape Model and used to train a Support Vector Machine (SVM), Random Forest (RF), and Long Short-term Memory (LSTM) neural network for subject identification. As we are interested in subject identification with large variations in expression, we conducted experiments on 3 emotion-based databases, namely the BU-4DFE, BP4D, and BP4D+ 3D/4D face databases. We show that our proposed method outperforms current state of the art methods for subject identification on BU-4DFE and BP4D. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to investigate subject identification on the BP4D+, resulting in a baseline for the community.

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