Sublinear quantum algorithms for training linear and kernel-based classifiers

4 Apr 2019  ·  Tongyang Li, Shouvanik Chakrabarti, Xiaodi Wu ·

We investigate quantum algorithms for classification, a fundamental problem in machine learning, with provable guarantees. Given $n$ $d$-dimensional data points, the state-of-the-art (and optimal) classical algorithm for training classifiers with constant margin runs in $\tilde{O}(n+d)$ time. We design sublinear quantum algorithms for the same task running in $\tilde{O}(\sqrt{n} +\sqrt{d})$ time, a quadratic improvement in both $n$ and $d$. Moreover, our algorithms use the standard quantization of the classical input and generate the same classical output, suggesting minimal overheads when used as subroutines for end-to-end applications. We also demonstrate a tight lower bound (up to poly-log factors) and discuss the possibility of implementation on near-term quantum machines. As a side result, we also give sublinear quantum algorithms for approximating the equilibria of $n$-dimensional matrix zero-sum games with optimal complexity $\tilde{\Theta}(\sqrt{n})$.

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