Sufficient Dimension Reduction for Average Causal Effect Estimation

14 Sep 2020  ·  Debo Cheng, Jiuyong Li, Lin Liu, Jixue Liu ·

Having a large number of covariates can have a negative impact on the quality of causal effect estimation since confounding adjustment becomes unreliable when the number of covariates is large relative to the samples available. Propensity score is a common way to deal with a large covariate set, but the accuracy of propensity score estimation (normally done by logistic regression) is also challenged by large number of covariates. In this paper, we prove that a large covariate set can be reduced to a lower dimensional representation which captures the complete information for adjustment in causal effect estimation. The theoretical result enables effective data-driven algorithms for causal effect estimation. We develop an algorithm which employs a supervised kernel dimension reduction method to search for a lower dimensional representation for the original covariates, and then utilizes nearest neighbor matching in the reduced covariate space to impute the counterfactual outcomes to avoid large-sized covariate set problem. The proposed algorithm is evaluated on two semi-synthetic and three real-world datasets and the results have demonstrated the effectiveness of the algorithm.

PDF Abstract
No code implementations yet. Submit your code now


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here