SuperFusion: Multilevel LiDAR-Camera Fusion for Long-Range HD Map Generation and Prediction

High-definition (HD) semantic map generation of the environment is an essential component of autonomous driving. Existing methods have achieved good performance in this task by fusing different sensor modalities, such as LiDAR and camera. However, current works are based on raw data or network feature-level fusion and only consider short-range HD map generation, limiting their deployment to realistic autonomous driving applications. In this paper, we focus on the task of building the HD maps in both short ranges, i.e., within 30 m, and also predicting long-range HD maps up to 90 m, which is required by downstream path planning and control tasks to improve the smoothness and safety of autonomous driving. To this end, we propose a novel network named SuperFusion, exploiting the fusion of LiDAR and camera data at multiple levels. We benchmark our SuperFusion on the nuScenes dataset and a self-recorded dataset and show that it outperforms the state-of-the-art baseline methods with large margins. Furthermore, we propose a new metric to evaluate the long-range HD map prediction and apply the generated HD map to a downstream path planning task. The results show that by using the long-range HD maps predicted by our method, we can make better path planning for autonomous vehicles. The code will be available at https://github.com/haomo-ai/SuperFusion.

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