SurvCaus : Representation Balancing for Survival Causal Inference

29 Mar 2022  ·  Ayoub Abraich, Agathe Guilloux, Blaise Hanczar ·

Individual Treatment Effects (ITE) estimation methods have risen in popularity in the last years. Most of the time, individual effects are better presented as Conditional Average Treatment Effects (CATE). Recently, representation balancing techniques have gained considerable momentum in causal inference from observational data, still limited to continuous (and binary) outcomes. However, in numerous pathologies, the outcome of interest is a (possibly censored) survival time. Our paper proposes theoretical guarantees for a representation balancing framework applied to counterfactual inference in a survival setting using a neural network capable of predicting the factual and counterfactual survival functions (and then the CATE), in the presence of censorship, at the individual level. We also present extensive experiments on synthetic and semisynthetic datasets that show that the proposed extensions outperform baseline methods.

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