TaBERT: Pretraining for Joint Understanding of Textual and Tabular Data

Recent years have witnessed the burgeoning of pretrained language models (LMs) for text-based natural language (NL) understanding tasks. Such models are typically trained on free-form NL text, hence may not be suitable for tasks like semantic parsing over structured data, which require reasoning over both free-form NL questions and structured tabular data (e.g., database tables)... In this paper we present TaBERT, a pretrained LM that jointly learns representations for NL sentences and (semi-)structured tables. TaBERT is trained on a large corpus of 26 million tables and their English contexts. In experiments, neural semantic parsers using TaBERT as feature representation layers achieve new best results on the challenging weakly-supervised semantic parsing benchmark WikiTableQuestions, while performing competitively on the text-to-SQL dataset Spider. Implementation of the model will be available at http://fburl.com/TaBERT . read more

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Results from the Paper


Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Text-To-Sql spider MAPO + TABERTLarge (K = 3) Accuracy (Dev) 64.5 # 3
Semantic Parsing WikiTableQuestions MAPO + TABERTLarge (K = 3) Accuracy (Dev) 52.2 # 1
Accuracy (Test) 51.8 # 1

Methods