Temporally and Spatially variant-resolution illumination patterns in computational ghost imaging

5 May 2022  ·  Dong Zhou, Jie Cao, Huan Cui, Li-Xing Lin, Haoyu Zhang, Yingqiang Zhang, Qun Hao ·

Conventional computational ghost imaging (CGI) uses light carrying a sequence of patterns with uniform-resolution to illuminate the object, then performs correlation calculation based on the light intensity value reflected by the target and the preset patterns to obtain object image. It requires a large number of measurements to obtain high-quality images, especially if high-resolution images are to be obtained. To solve this problem, we developed temporally variable-resolution illumination patterns, replacing the conventional uniform-resolution illumination patterns with a sequence of patterns of different imaging resolutions. In addition, we propose to combine temporally variable-resolution illumination patterns and spatially variable-resolution structure to develop temporally and spatially variable-resolution (TSV) illumination patterns, which not only improve the imaging quality of the region of interest (ROI) but also improve the robustness to noise. The methods using proposed illumination patterns are verified by simulations and experiments compared with CGI. For the same number of measurements, the method using temporally variable-resolution illumination patterns has better imaging quality than CGI, but it is less robust to noise. The method using TSV illumination patterns has better imaging quality in ROI than the method using temporally variable-resolution illumination patterns and CGI under the same number of measurements. We also experimentally verify that the method using TSV patterns have better imaging performance when applied to higher resolution imaging. The proposed methods are expected to solve the current computational ghost imaging that is difficult to achieve high-resolution and high-quality imaging.

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