Terahertz-Band Integrated Sensing and Communications: Challenges and Opportunities

The sixth generation (6G) wireless networks aim to achieve ultra-high data transmission rates, very low latency and enhanced energy-efficiency. To this end, terahertz (THz) band is one of the key enablers of 6G to meet such requirements. The THz-band systems are also quickly merging as high-resolution sensing devices because of their ultra-wide bandwidth and very narrow beamwidth. As a means to efficiently utilize spectrum and thereby save cost and power, THz integrated sensing and communications (ISAC) paradigm envisages a single integrated hardware platform with common signaling mechanism. However, ISAC at THz-band entails several design challenges such as beam split, range-dependent bandwidth, near-field beamforming, and distinct channel model. This article examines the technologies that have the potential to bring forth ISAC and THz transmission together. In particular, it provides an overview of antenna and array design, hybrid beamforming, integration with reflecting surfaces and data-driven techniques such as machine learning. These systems also provide research opportunities in developing novel methodologies for channel estimation, near-field beam split, waveform design and beam misalignment.

Results in Papers With Code
(↓ scroll down to see all results)