Topic-Preserving Synthetic News Generation: An Adversarial Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach

30 Oct 2020  ·  Ahmadreza Mosallanezhad, Kai Shu, Huan Liu ·

Nowadays, there exist powerful language models such as OpenAI's GPT-2 that can generate readable text and can be fine-tuned to generate text for a specific domain. Considering GPT-2, it cannot directly generate synthetic news with respect to a given topic and the output of the language model cannot be explicitly controlled. In this paper, we study the novel problem of topic-preserving synthetic news generation. We propose a novel deep reinforcement learning-based method to control the output of GPT-2 with respect to a given news topic. When generating text using GPT-2, by default, the most probable word is selected from the vocabulary. Instead of selecting the best word each time from GPT-2's output, an RL agent tries to select words that optimize the matching of a given topic. In addition, using a fake news detector as an adversary, we investigate generating realistic news using our proposed method. In this paper, we consider realistic news as news that cannot be easily detected by a fake news classifier. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework on generating topic-preserving news content than state-of-the-art baselines.

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