Undoing the Damage of Label Shift for Cross-domain Semantic Segmentation

Existing works typically treat cross-domain semantic segmentation (CDSS) as a data distribution mismatch problem and focus on aligning the marginal distribution or conditional distribution. However, the label shift issue is unfortunately overlooked, which actually commonly exists in the CDSS task, and often causes a classifier bias in the learnt model. In this paper, we give an in-depth analysis and show that the damage of label shift can be overcome by aligning the data conditional distribution and correcting the posterior probability. To this end, we propose a novel approach to undo the damage of the label shift problem in CDSS. In implementation, we adopt class-level feature alignment for conditional distribution alignment, as well as two simple yet effective methods to rectify the classifier bias from source to target by remolding the classifier predictions. We conduct extensive experiments on the benchmark datasets of urban scenes, including GTA5 to Cityscapes and SYNTHIA to Cityscapes, where our proposed approach outperforms previous methods by a large margin. For instance, our model equipped with a self-training strategy reaches 59.3% mIoU on GTA5 to Cityscapes, pushing to a new state-of-the-art. The code will be available at https://github.com/manmanjun/Undoing UDA.

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