UNet 3+: A Full-Scale Connected UNet for Medical Image Segmentation

Recently, a growing interest has been seen in deep learning-based semantic segmentation. UNet, which is one of deep learning networks with an encoder-decoder architecture, is widely used in medical image segmentation... Combining multi-scale features is one of important factors for accurate segmentation. UNet++ was developed as a modified Unet by designing an architecture with nested and dense skip connections. However, it does not explore sufficient information from full scales and there is still a large room for improvement. In this paper, we propose a novel UNet 3+, which takes advantage of full-scale skip connections and deep supervisions. The full-scale skip connections incorporate low-level details with high-level semantics from feature maps in different scales; while the deep supervision learns hierarchical representations from the full-scale aggregated feature maps. The proposed method is especially benefiting for organs that appear at varying scales. In addition to accuracy improvements, the proposed UNet 3+ can reduce the network parameters to improve the computation efficiency. We further propose a hybrid loss function and devise a classification-guided module to enhance the organ boundary and reduce the over-segmentation in a non-organ image, yielding more accurate segmentation results. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated on two datasets. The code is available at: github.com/ZJUGiveLab/UNet-Version read more

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Datasets


Results from the Paper


Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Medical Image Segmentation LiTS2017 UNet 3+ w/o DS Dice 0.9580 # 2
Medical Image Segmentation LiTS2017 UNet 3+ Dice 0.9675 # 1

Methods