Unified Gradient Reweighting for Model Biasing with Applications to Source Separation

25 Oct 2020  ·  Efthymios Tzinis, Dimitrios Bralios, Paris Smaragdis ·

Recent deep learning approaches have shown great improvement in audio source separation tasks. However, the vast majority of such work is focused on improving average separation performance, often neglecting to examine or control the distribution of the results. In this paper, we propose a simple, unified gradient reweighting scheme, with a lightweight modification to bias the learning process of a model and steer it towards a certain distribution of results. More specifically, we reweight the gradient updates of each batch, using a user-specified probability distribution. We apply this method to various source separation tasks, in order to shift the operating point of the models towards different objectives. We demonstrate different parameterizations of our unified reweighting scheme can be used towards addressing several real-world problems, such as unreliable separation estimates. Our framework enables the user to control a robustness trade-off between worst and average performance. Moreover, we experimentally show that our unified reweighting scheme can also be used in order to shift the focus of the model towards being more accurate for user-specified sound classes or even towards easier examples in order to enable faster convergence.

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