Unsupervised Learning of 3D Point Set Registration

11 Jun 2020  ·  Lingjing Wang, Xiang Li, Yi Fang ·

Point cloud registration is the process of aligning a pair of point sets via searching for a geometric transformation. Recent works leverage the power of deep learning for registering a pair of point sets. However, unfortunately, deep learning models often require a large number of ground truth labels for training. Moreover, for a pair of source and target point sets, existing deep learning mechanisms require explicitly designed encoders to extract both deep spatial features from unstructured point clouds and their spatial correlation representation, which is further fed to a decoder to regress the desired geometric transformation for point set alignment. To further enhance deep learning models for point set registration, this paper proposes Deep-3DAligner, a novel unsupervised registration framework based on a newly introduced deep Spatial Correlation Representation (SCR) feature. The SCR feature describes the geometric essence of the spatial correlation between source and target point sets in an encoding-free manner. More specifically, our method starts with optimizing a randomly initialized latent SCR feature, which is then decoded to a geometric transformation (i.e., rotation and translation) to align source and target point sets. Our Deep-3DAligner jointly updates the SCR feature and weights of the transformation decoder towards the minimization of an unsupervised alignment loss. We conducted experiments on the ModelNet40 datasets to validate the performance of our unsupervised Deep-3DAligner for point set registration. The results demonstrated that, even without ground truth and any assumption of a direct correspondence between source and target point sets for training, our proposed approach achieved comparative performance compared to most recent supervised state-of-the-art approaches.

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