Versatile Audio-Visual Learning for Handling Single and Multi Modalities in Emotion Regression and Classification Tasks

12 May 2023  ·  Lucas Goncalves, Seong-Gyun Leem, Wei-Cheng Lin, Berrak Sisman, Carlos Busso ·

Most current audio-visual emotion recognition models lack the flexibility needed for deployment in practical applications. We envision a multimodal system that works even when only one modality is available and can be implemented interchangeably for either predicting emotional attributes or recognizing categorical emotions. Achieving such flexibility in a multimodal emotion recognition system is difficult due to the inherent challenges in accurately interpreting and integrating varied data sources. It is also a challenge to robustly handle missing or partial information while allowing direct switch between regression and classification tasks. This study proposes a \emph{versatile audio-visual learning} (VAVL) framework for handling unimodal and multimodal systems for emotion regression and emotion classification tasks. We implement an audio-visual framework that can be trained even when audio and visual paired data is not available for part of the training set (i.e., audio only or only video is present). We achieve this effective representation learning with audio-visual shared layers, residual connections over shared layers, and a unimodal reconstruction task. Our experimental results reveal that our architecture significantly outperforms strong baselines on both the CREMA-D and MSP-IMPROV corpora. Notably, VAVL attains a new state-of-the-art performance in the emotional attribute prediction task on the MSP-IMPROV corpus. Code available at:

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Video Emotion Recognition CREMA-D VAVL Accuracy 0.826 # 1
Arousal Estimation MSP-IMPROV VAVL Concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) 0.856 # 1


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