Video-based Formative and Summative Assessment of Surgical Tasks using Deep Learning

17 Mar 2022  ·  Erim Yanik, Uwe Kruger, Xavier Intes, Rahul Rahul, Suvranu De ·

To ensure satisfactory clinical outcomes, surgical skill assessment must be objective, time-efficient, and preferentially automated - none of which is currently achievable. Video-based assessment (VBA) is being deployed in intraoperative and simulation settings to evaluate technical skill execution. However, VBA remains manually- and time-intensive and prone to subjective interpretation and poor inter-rater reliability. Herein, we propose a deep learning (DL) model that can automatically and objectively provide a high-stakes summative assessment of surgical skill execution based on video feeds and low-stakes formative assessment to guide surgical skill acquisition. Formative assessment is generated using heatmaps of visual features that correlate with surgical performance. Hence, the DL model paves the way to the quantitative and reproducible evaluation of surgical tasks from videos with the potential for broad dissemination in surgical training, certification, and credentialing.

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